Athena is the goddess of wisdom, war and the crafts, and the favourite daughter of Zeus. She was known as Minerva in the Roman pantheon. Athena was, perhaps, the wisest, most courageous and certainly the most resourceful of the Olympian gods.

Athena was born from Zeus’ head, wearing armour and fully grown. A popular theme in ancient art, Hephaistos is often depicted in the role of midwife, splitting Zeus’ head with an axe.

Athena is associated with household crafts, giving mortals the gifts of cooking and sewing.

She is closely associated with Athens, the city named in her honour after the people of Attica chose her as their patron following her gift of the olive tree, symbol of peace and plenty.

Protector of Herakles, Athena often aids him in his twelve labours, for example, by helping him hold the world as Atlas searches for the sacred apples of the Hesperides.



  • Athena at the Ancient History Encyclopedia (Retrieved on October 21, 2017)

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