Eros was the Greek god of love, or more precisely, passionate and physical desire. He was known as Cupid in the Roman pantheon. Without warning he selects his targets and forcefully strikes at their hearts, bringing confusion and irrepressible feelings, or in the words of Hesiod, he ‘loosens the limbs and weakens the mind’. Eros himself is a carefree and beautiful youth, crowned with flowers, especially of roses which were closely associated with the god.

In some traditions he was the winged acolyte or assistant of Aphrodite, goddess of Love and Beauty. He was also sometimes regarded as the child of Aphrodite, with Ares as his father, and his brothers were Deimos (Fear), Phobos (Panic) and Harmonia (Harmony). In other traditions Eros also had a younger brother - Anteros - who was a much darker figure and avenger of unrequited love.



  • Photo: Eros depicted as a winged youth about to place a wreath as an offering on the "cippus" (pillar) in front of him. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Circa 340 - circa 320 BC, Hellenistic period (323 BC–146 BC). Public Domain, ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-SA 3.0).

  • Eros at the Ancient History Encyclopedia (Retrieved on October 21, 2017).