Mars was the Roman God of War and second only to Jupiter in the Roman pantheon. Although most of the myths involving the god were borrowed from the Greek God of War, Ares, Mars nevertheless had some features which were uniquely Roman. Considered more level-headed than the often impulsive and disruptive Ares, Mars was also seen as a more virtuous figure by the more martial-oriented Romans. As a protector of Rome and the Roman way of life, and as a defender of city borders and frontiers, important festivals connected to warfare were held in his honour.  The month of Martius (March) was named after Mars.



  • Mars at the Ancient History Encyclopedia

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