Troy (Greek Troia, also called Ilios or Ilion, Latin Troia, Troja, or Ilium) is an ancient city in northwestern Anatolia that holds an enduring place in both literature and archaeology. The legend of the Trojan War is the most notable theme from Ancient Greek literature and forms the basis of Homer’s Iliad. Although the actual nature and size of the historical settlement remain matters of scholarly debate, the ruins of Troy at Hisarlik, Turkey, are a key archaeological site whose many layers illustrate the gradual development of civilization in northwestern Asia Minor.
- Photo: The walls of the acropolis belong to Troy VII, which is identified as the site of the Trojan War (c. 1200 BC). CherryX • CC BY-SA 3.0.
- Troy at the Encyclopedia Britannica (Retrieved on October 19, 2017).