The Twelve Colonies (Twelve Worlds, Four Systems) were founded by Twelve Tribes from Kobol, the birthplace of humanity. There were originally thirteen tribes, but one tribe went to a planet called Earth. The constellations of New Earth's Zodiac will be named after the ancient names of these colonies.
- Mandel, Geoffrey. "The Twelve Colonies of Kobol" map. Technical Advisors Jane Espenson and Kevin R. Grazier, special thanks to Bob Harris, author of "Beyond Caprica: A Visitors Guide to the Twelve Colonies," Quantum Mechanix, 2010.
- See also Planets.